The state of New York takes drinking and driving seriously, and there are strict penalties for those who drive over the legal limit. There are different factors that affect how the body metabolizes alcohol, and this means that some can drink more than others before impairment sets in. While the best DUI prevention is to not drive at all if drinking, it also helps to understand the various factors involved.
According to New York State, the legal limit for a DUI is .08 BAC, but there are also legal consequences for those with a limit between .05 and .07 if there is driving impairment. With a conviction, fines start at $300 and can reach $10,000, depending on the severity and if it is a subsequent conviction. Other penalties include potential jail time and mandatory license suspension or revocation.
According to the Stanford Office of Alcohol Policy and Education, the amount of alcoholic drinks it takes to reach the legal limit varies greatly based on different factors. Males have more of the enzymes needed to metabolize alcohol, and they are generally heavier, so they can usually drink more than females.
People who eat before or while drinking will slow down the absorption of alcohol, and sipping a drink helps control how fast alcohol enters the bloodstream compared to taking shots or chugging a drink. Certain medications also enhance the effects of alcohol. In general, a person should not combine the two, and it is also important to know that these same medications can impair driving ability the same way alcohol does. This results in the same legal consequences.