After taking a hit to the head, you are likely to suffer from a brain injury. The location of the hit and the force behind it will often impact how severe this injury is. In the case of a serious, hard hit, you will likely deal with a traumatic brain injury (TBI).
But how do you identify TBIs? What physical red flags should you keep an eye out for in the direct aftermath of an accident?
Balance and consciousness disorders
Mayo Clinic discusses the signs that may indicate a TBI. Many are physical indicators that you can see with the naked eye. For example, disordered consciousness issues are common. A victim may periodically black out, swing in and out of consciousness or even fall into a coma.
They will also likely display signs of balance loss and dizziness. Many cannot walk in a straight line or even stand upright. Nausea can also manifest in vomiting, and victims may openly complain about the ill effects that you cannot see as easily.
Light reactions and cerebrospinal fluid
Pay attention to their reaction to light, too. TBI victims often experience excruciating headaches or migraines. They may thus flinch away from bright lights. You can also notice uneven dilation of pupils at this stage, too.
Finally, keep an eye out for draining cerebrospinal fluid. This clear fluid sometimes leaks from the nose or ears after a very severe head injury. It often indicates that the injury is severe enough to demand rapid medical attention.
Quick identification is crucial to the health of the victim in these scenarios. If you notice any of the aforementioned signs, seek immediate medical help. This is the only way to ensure you are preventing as much short and long-term damage as possible.