What are the construction industry’s Fatal Four?

On Behalf of | Nov 1, 2021 | personal injury

Construction is such an inherently dangerous industry that the Occupational Safety & Health Administration has published a list of the four most deadly accidents that befall construction workers.

Construction Connect reports that, in order of their deadliness, this infamous Fatal Four list consists of the following:

  1. Falls
  2. Struck-by-objects accidents
  3. Electrocutions
  4. Caught-in and caught-between accidents


Falls account for more construction deaths nationwide, 38.7% of them, than the other three types of accidents combined. Perhaps this is not surprising, given that you spend a good deal of your time working from roofs, scaffolding and tall ladders. Consequently, a nonfatal fall can result in a traumatic brain injury or spinal cord injury that could disable you for life.

Struck-by-objects accidents

Struck-by-objects accidents cause 9.4% of the annual nationwide construction deaths. The objects that can strike you include the following:

  • Falling tools
  • Flying pieces of debris
  • Rolling equipment
  • Swinging doors

Electrocution accidents

Electrocution accidents cause 8.3% of the annual nationwide construction deaths. Even when nonfatal, these injuries result in extreme pain and possible severe burns that can leave lifetime scars.

Caught-in and caught-between accidents

These kinds of accidents cause 7.3% of the annual nationwide construction deaths. The types of things you can become caught in or between are almost infinite, but some of the most common include the following:

  • Elevator doors and mechanisms
  • Conveyor belts
  • Heavy equipment and machinery

Nonfatal accidents of this nature often produce severe crush injuries that necessitate amputation of your affected body part.

All told, the types of accidents comprising the Fatal Four list account for 63.7% of the nation’s annual construction deaths. This translates to 550 or more construction workers who lose their lives each year.